Taking Ozempic? Listed below are the negative effects try to be conscious of

Taking Ozempic? Listed below are the negative effects try to be conscious of

The burden-loss drug Ozempic entered the general public consciousness final 12 months, and social media-fueled need for the drug has led to deficiency for sufferers with sort 2 diabetes.

Folks at the moment are more and more conscious of the negative effects of the treatment, which might embrace pores and skin laxity, which has develop into generally known as “Ozempic face.”

“Any speedy weight reduction will lead to a discount in fats in lots of elements of the physique, particularly within the face, which can trigger tissue and pores and skin to sag,” stated Dr. Lyle Leipziger, chief of cosmetic surgery at North Shore College Hospital and Lengthy Jewish Medical Middle. – Island. . “Gradual, progressive weight reduction can result in facial pores and skin tightening, so it is not as damaging as speedy weight reduction.”

Newest articles in Folks and New York Instances observe that the undesirable aspect impact might be corrected, however usually with costly fillers and beauty surgical procedure.

“The objective of weight reduction is to enhance well being,” stated Dr. Vadim Sherman, medical director of bariatric and metabolic surgical procedure at Houston Methodist Hospital. “You may scale back fats and weight, however the result’s already stretched pores and skin.”

This can be probably the most seen impact, however it’s not the one one, and it’s actually not probably the most critical potential consequence. Folks taking the drug can have issues together with vomiting and pancreatitis, though negative effects are typically uncommon.

A lot of the negative effects had been documented in medical trials of people that took the drug for its permitted function, stated Dr. Latasha Selby Perkins, a household doctor in Washington, D.C., and a member of the American Academy of Household Physicians. We do not essentially know what occurs to those that take these medicine as a result of they need to lose a small quantity of weight, which isn’t one in every of their FDA-approved makes use of.

Ozempic (commerce title semaglutide) was initially permitted in 2017 to decrease blood sugar in individuals with sort 2 diabetes. However medical trials quickly revealed a useful aspect impact: weight reduction. That is particularly necessary for individuals with sort 2 diabetes, lots of whom are medically thought of chubby or overweight.

So in 2021, the Meals and Drug Administration gave one other approval, this time for weight reduction, however just for individuals with a physique mass index of 27 or increased, who’ve no less than one related medical situation, and folks with BMI 30 and above. The commerce title of the drug was modified to Wegovy and better most doses had been permitted.

Each Wegovy and Ozempic belong to a category of medicine generally known as GLP-1 agonists, which work in a number of methods, together with suppressing GLP-1 receptors in your mind to revive urge for food. GLP stands for glucagon-like peptide-1, which is a hormone concerned in blood sugar management. Different GLP-1 agonists embrace Rybelsus (semaglutide), Saxenda (liraglutide), and Munjaro (tirzepatide).

There’s a scarcity of medicines for individuals who really want them

The burden loss related to Ozempic and associated medicine has made them engaging to individuals who would not have sort 2 diabetes or meet different FDA standards to be used of the drug. This has created a scarcity for the individuals who want it most and needs to be taking it: individuals with sort 2 diabetes.

“If there is a weight-loss element within the treatment, it is good for individuals with sort 2 diabetes,” Perkins stated. Not essentially for different individuals.

In the long run, lacking this medication can result in kidney, coronary heart and eye illness and even dying in individuals with sort 2 diabetes, though there are different medicines in the marketplace that can be utilized to decrease blood sugar. “Diabetes can actually have an effect on individuals’s lives,” Perkins stated.

just lately, a comic Chelsea Handler stated she did not even know the drug she was taking to lose 5 kilos was Ozempic. (She stopped utilizing it when she realized she wasn’t a candidate for the drug.)

This raises an necessary level: You’ll want to know what medicines you take and skim the instructions for them, stated Dr. Kelly Johnson-Arbor, a medical toxicologist and interim govt director. Nationwide Metropolitan Toxicological Middle.

For these intimidated by a number of folds and small print, take coronary heart. You actually solely must scan the start, Johnson-Arbor stated.

“The entrance web page is often a great place to get a normal overview,” she stated. On the very prime is a field with any necessary well being warnings (resembling most cancers), adopted by warnings and adversarial reactions.

Listed below are some negative effects of Ozempic and medicines of the identical class.

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach ache

Gastrointestinal signs are among the many most typical negative effects of GLP-1 agonists, Johnson-Arbor stated. This isn’t stunning, on condition that Ozempic, Wegovy and different related medicine act on totally different elements of the digestive system. “Your gastrointestinal tract is a bit more delicate to this treatment,” Perkins stated.

In medical trials, nausea was noticed in 20% of individuals taking 1 mg of Ozempic, 16% of individuals taking 0.5 mg, and 6% of individuals taking placebo. Vomiting and diarrhea had been much less widespread, however nonetheless occurred in about 9% of individuals taking the 1 mg dose, in contrast with 2% of individuals taking placebo.

Diarrhea and vomiting can result in one other undesirable impact: dehydration. “While you vomit, your physique wants to make use of a few of the water to eliminate the meals,” Perkins defined. “It is the identical with diarrhea.”

Usually, these results are delicate, however they’ll trigger individuals to cease taking the drug, Sherman stated. One of the best indicator of how hydrated you might be is your urine output – you’ll want to go to the lavatory each hour or two. If it slows down to each three or 4 hours, search medical recommendation. Go to the emergency room or emergency room much less usually, Perkins stated. And all the time moisturize.

For individuals taking the 1 mg dose, 6% reported stomach ache and three% reported constipation.

Kidney injury

Generally dehydration from vomiting and nausea is so extreme that it might trigger kidney injury, Johnson-Arbor stated. One affected person was taking Ozempic short-term dialysis is required after rising the dose of treatment. Kidney perform decreases two further individuals had been taking Ozempic, though each had underlying kidney illness because of long-standing diabetes, as did the opposite two who took a GLP-1 agonist.

“The kidneys do the job of filtering the urine and taking in what you want [the] physique,” Perkins defined. “Water is required for flushing by way of the kidneys. If you do not have sufficient water, it begins to do injury.”

Consultants suggest that individuals with current kidney illness be cautious when utilizing GLP-1 agonists. If you’re taking one in every of these medicines and have extreme and protracted nausea, vomiting, or different gastrointestinal negative effects, contact your physician. “It is a good suggestion to get some labs carried out to see if there’s one thing else happening,” Johnson-Arbor stated.

An elevated coronary heart price might be one other consequence of dehydration, Perkins stated.


A number of circumstances of acute pancreatitis reported in individuals taking a GLP-1 agonist. Pancreatitis is irritation of the pancreas, the primary gland concerned in insulin manufacturing. Signs embrace nausea and vomiting, fever, palpitations, a distended and painful stomach, and yellow pores and skin and eyes.

“You probably have a historical past of pancreatitis, chances are you’ll need to be cautious when contemplating Ozempic, though this has additionally occurred in individuals with out a historical past,” Johnson-Arbor stated.

Attainable danger of thyroid most cancers

The researchers additionally noticed a kind of thyroid most cancers referred to as medullary thyroid carcinoma, however solely in rodents that obtained the drug. Whereas it might be a danger to people. The primary GLP-1 agonist was solely permitted 20 years in the past, so we do not have a whole lot of information on long-term negative effects, Johnson-Arbor stated.

“Folks must know that it is a uncommon most cancers that may take years to develop,” she continued. “Don’t take these medicine you probably have thyroid illness.” It is also doable that this most cancers is exclusive to rodents which have massive quantities of GLP-1 agonists of their thyroid, she added.

Signs of a thyroid tumor could embrace a lump within the throat, hassle swallowing, a hoarse voice, or shortness of breath.


In line with Johnson Arbor, gastroparesis “can be referred to as delayed gastric emptying.” She defined that it’s a dysfunction that slows or stops the motion of meals from the abdomen to the small gut, even when there isn’t a blockage within the abdomen or intestines.

Whereas it might additionally make you are feeling full, it is extra prone to trigger nausea and vomiting, Sherman stated, including that gastroparesis and different gastrointestinal results appear to go away after the treatment is stopped.

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