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Micro organism with fascinating properties have been found in underground caves

Micro organism with fascinating properties have been found in underground caves

Discovery of fascinating bacteria in underground caves

In one of many bays of Algeria, the place probiotic micro organism had been discovered. The case of Bara Rehamnia, Visiting Researcher in Natushka Lee’s analysis group at Umeå College. Writer: membership de spéléologie et sport de montagne de Béjaïa

A analysis staff from Umeå College, SLU and Algeria has discovered micro organism with quite a lot of fascinating properties in beforehand unexplored caves at a depth of a number of hundred meters in Algeria. Certainly one of these properties is the breakdown of gluten, which can be of curiosity to individuals with gluten allergic reactions. The outcomes are printed in Microbiological spectrum.


“This examine is one other instance of the improbable potential of fascinating microbes on our personal planet. Regardless of intensive analysis, now we have thus far managed to map solely a small fraction of all of the microbes discovered on earth,” says Natushka Lee, Scientist is a member of the Division of Ecology and Environmental Sciences at Umeå College.

When Jules Verne wrote his novel “Journey to the Heart of the Earth”, many individuals trivialized the wild fantasies surrounding the existence of life within the underground world. A number of many years handed earlier than biologists started to significantly examine life underground.

Immediately, it’s identified that at the very least 30% of all microorganisms on earth reside deep underground – in fully completely different situations than types of life on the earth’s floor, for instance, with out daylight and due to this fact with out vegetation. The examine of subterranean life varieties may give us fascinating details about how life on Earth can develop in several methods and whether or not life can exist underground on different celestial our bodies, for instance on the planet Mars.

Caves can act as pure gateways to the underworld. Caves are discovered all around the world, however solely part of them has been explored. Within the final decade, cave analysis has been of nice curiosity—even within the context of area exploration, as many caves have been found on some planets, equivalent to Mars.

In present analysis, Natushka Lee, in collaboration with Barao Rehamnio, who till lately was a Ph.D. scholar on the College of Constantine in Algeria (who’s doing her dissertation on this analysis subject in the summertime of 2022) and Ramounet Kuktaite, a researcher on the SLU Division of Plant Breeding in Alnarp, looked for fascinating traits of spore-forming micro organism in hitherto unexplored caves at a depth of a number of hundred meters in Algeria.

These micro organism are carefully associated to the Bacillus group, a gaggle of micro organism extensively studied in astrobiology for his or her spectacular survival skills and which, on our personal planet, play an necessary function in a number of completely different contexts, partly as pathogens, partly as helpful microbes in each environmental and biotechnological contexts.

“For instance, we discovered strains that may produce antimicrobial substances or that may break down gluten, a substance that may trigger inflammatory reactions within the intestines of many individuals. The micro organism had been additionally in a position to switch excessive situations present in our digestive system,” says Natushka Lee.

Sooner or later, researchers will examine whether or not they’re micro organism could also be helpful for the biotech business, equivalent to gluten allergy.


Can Earth life survive on Mars?


Further info:
Baraa Rehamnia et al., Screening of spore-forming micro organism with probiotic potential in pristine Algerian caves, Microbiological spectrum (2022). DOI: 10.1128/spectrum.00248-22

Quotation: Micro organism with fascinating properties found in underground caves (2022, October 14) Retrieved October 15, 2022, from https://phys.org/information/2022-10-bacteria-properties-underground-caves.html

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